URDAMPILLETA juan Domingo
Identification and characterization of karyotype in Passiflora hybrids using FISH and GISH
SILVA, G S; SOUZA, M M; DE MELO, C A F; URDAMPILLETA, J D; FORNI-MARTINS, ELIANA REGINA
BIOMED CENTRAL LTD
Lugar: Londres; Año: 2018 vol. 19 p. 1 - 11
BackgroundA great interest exists in the production of hybrid plants of the genus Passiflora given the beauty and exotic features of its flowers which have ornamental value. Hybrid paternity confirmation is therefore important for assuring germplasm origin, and is typically carried out by molecular marker segregation. The aim of this study was to karyotypically characterize the chromosome heritance patterns of the progeny resultant from a cross of P. gardneri and P. gibertii using classical cytogenetics, chromosome banding, and molecular cytogenetics.ResultsAll analyzed genotypes showed the same diploid chromosome number as the genitor species: 2n = 18. Classical and CMA3 and DAPI staining allowed for chromosome counting and satellite identification (secondary constrictions). Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and genomic in situ hybridization (GISH) were used to characterize subgenomes by either identifying rDNA-specific genome patterns or parental genomes, respectively.ConclusionsThe heritance of chromosomal markers presenting rDNA sites from each parent for genome identification confirmed that all obtained plants were hybrids. These results will improve breeding programs involving the species of this genus. Apart from confirming hybridization, GISH allowed the visualization of recombination between the homeologous chromosome and the introgression of sequences of interest.