URDAMPILLETA juan Domingo
Genome size evolution in Sapindaceae at subfamily level: a case study of independence in relation to karyological and palynological traits.
COULLERI, J. P.; URDAMPILLETA, J. D.; FERRUCCI, M. S.
BOTANICAL JOURNAL OF THE LINNEAN SOCIETY
WILEY-BLACKWELL PUBLISHING, INC
Lugar: Londres; Año: 2014 vol. 174 p. 589 - 600
Sapindaceae s.l. is a moderately large family of trees, shrubs and lianas. Current knowledge on genome size and how it varies in this family is scarce. This research aims to characterize the DNA content in 39 species of Sapindaceae, mainly in tribe Paullinieae s.s., by the analysis of the variation in genome size relative to karyotypic and palynological features. Nuclear DNA amount was measured by flow cytometry, and linear regression analyses were conducted to analyse the relationship between genome size variation and various karyotypic and palynological features. Genome size varied nine-fold among species, ranging from 1C = 0.305 pg (Lophostigma plumosum) to 2.710 pg (Cardiospermum heringeri). The low regression coefficients obtained suggest that genome size mainly varies independently of karyotypic and palynological features. With regard to karyotype evolution, the constant chromosome number but variable genome size in Houssayanthus, Paullinia and Serjania suggest that structural changes mainly caused by changes in the amounts of repetitive DNA are more important than numerical change. In contrast, in Cardiospermum and Urvillea, variation in chromosome number and genome size supports the suggestion that numerical and structural changes are important in the karyotype evolution of these genera.