GONZALEZ Ana Maria
Extrafloral nectaries in Leguminosae: Phylogenetic distribution, morphological diversity and evolution', which you submitted to Australian Systematic Botany, has been reviewed
BRIGITTE MARAZZI; A.M.GONZALEZ,; DELGADO-SALINAS; MELISSA A. LUCKOW; JENS RINGELBERG; COLIN E. HUGHES
AUSTRALIAN SYSTEMATIC BOTANY
Lugar: Collingwood; Año: 2019 vol. 32 p. 409 - 458
Extrafloral nectaries (EFNs) mediating ecologically important ant-plant protection mutualisms are especially common and unusually diverse in the Leguminosae. We present the first comprehensively curated list of legume genera with EFNs, detailing and illustrating their systematic and phylogenetic distributions, locations on the plant, morphology and anatomy, based on a unified classification of EFN categories and a time-calibrated phylogeny incorporating 710 of the 768 genera. This new synthesis, the first since McKey (1989)?s seminal paper, increases the number of genera with EFNs to 152 (20% of legumes), distributed across subfamilies Cercidoideae (1), Detarioideae (19), Caesalpinioideae (87) and Papilionoideae (45). EFNs occur at nine locations, and are most prevalent on vegetative plant parts, especially leaves (74%) and inflorescence axes (26%). Four main categories (with eight subcategories) are recognized: formless, trichomatic (exposed, hollow), parenchymatic (embedded, pit, flat, elevated) and abscission zone EFNs (non-differentiated, swollen scars). Phylogenetic reconstruction of EFNs suggests independent evolutionary trajectories of different EFN types, with elevated EFNs restricted almost exclusively to Caesalpinioideae (where they underwent spectacular morphological disparification), flat EFNs in Detarioideae, swollen scar EFNs in Papilionoideae, and Cercidoideae is the only subfamily bearing intrastipular EFNs. We discuss the complex evolutionary history of EFNs and highlight future research directions.