SIHUFE Guillermo Adrian
The influence of ripening temperature and sampling site on the proteolysis in Reggianito Argentino cheese
SIHUFE G. A.; ZORRILLA S. E.; RUBIOLO A. C.
LEBENSMITTEL-WISSENSCHAFT UND-TECHNOLOGIE-FOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
Año: 2010 vol. 43 p. 247 - 253
The effects of elevated ripening temperature and sampling site on proteolysis in Reggianito Argentino cheese were evaluated. Cheeses ripened at 12 or 18 °C and 85% relative humidity were analysed at 2, 4 and 6 months in 2 sampling zones (central and external). Samples were analysed to determine the physicochemical and proteolysis parameters through the urea-PAGE of the urea-soluble fraction, RP-HPLC analysis of the water-soluble fraction at pH 4.6, and the free amino acid analysis. Proteolysis was significantly affected by ripening temperature and sampling site. Urea-PAGE analysis showed that elevated temperature increased the degradation of alphas1- and ß-casein. The degradation of alphas1-casein was larger in the central zone than in the external one, while ß-casein degradation was similar in both zones. The majority peaks detected by RP-HPLC of the water-soluble fraction at pH 4.6 and free amino acids were significantly affected by ripening temperature and sampling site. Glu, His, Val, Leu, and Lys had the higher concentrations. Principal component analysis showed useful groupings when results from chromatograms were studied. In conclusion, the results obtained not only are useful to characterise the ripening of an Argentinean hard cheese, but also to evaluate the effect of an increase of ripening temperature on Reggianito Argentino cheese proteolysis.