DESOJO Julia Brenda
The rhynchosaur record, including a new stenaulorhynchine taxon, from the Chañares Formation (upper Ladinian–?lowermost Carnian levels) of La Rioja Province, north-western Argentina
EZCURRA, MARTÍN D.; FIORELLI, LUCAS E.; TROTTEYN, M. JIMENA; MARTINELLI, AGUSTÍN G.; DESOJO, JULIA B.
JOURNAL OF SYSTEMATIC PALAEONTOLOGY
CAMBRIDGE UNIV PRESS
Año: 2021 vol. 18 p. 1907 - 1938
Rhynchosaurs were quadrupedal, bulky herbivorous archosauromorph diapsids with a highly specialized dental apparatus. This group is restricted to the Triassic Period and became extremely abundant worldwide during the late Carnian, numerically dominating some of the first dinosaur-bearing assemblages. Despite their high abundance in upper Carnian beds of South America, rhynchosaurs are restricted to a handful of specimens in the latest Ladinian?early Carnian tetrapod assemblages of this continent. Here, we improve the record of one of the oldest rhynchosaur assemblages of South America with the detailed description of all the rhynchosaur specimens currently known from the Tarjadia Assemblage Zone (AZ) (late Ladinian??earliest Carnian) of the Chañares Formation (Ischigualasto-Villa Unión Basin, La Rioja Province). Most of these specimens were only preliminarily reported before, and as part of this revision we name the new taxon Elorhynchus carrolli gen. et sp. nov. based on one of these specimens, which represents the first new taxon for the Chañares Formation in 22 years. Elorhynchus carrolli and three more rhynchosaur specimens from the Chañares Formation are identified as stenaulorhynchine rhynchosaurs based on the presence of a crowded field of numerous lingual teeth in the dentary and the presence of small occlusal teeth in the maxillary tooth plate. Although their morphology is congruent, we did not refer the other stenaulorhynchine specimens to Elorhynchus carrolli because they lack diagnostic overlapping character states between them. Nevertheless, there is no current evidence for the presence of more than one rhynchosaur species in the Chañares Formation. The description of Elorhynchus carrolli and the other stenaulorhynchines from the Chañares Formation reinforces biostratigraphical links with the Dinodontosaurus AZ (Santa Maria Supersequence) of southern Brazil and the Lifua Member of the Manda Beds of Tanzania. http://zoobank.org/urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:E2662419-8AD5-4C1E-9900-BD1380BE65A4.