GIMENEZ mabel dionisia
Chamois introductions to Central Europe and New Zealand
NATÁLIA MARTÍNKOVÁ; BARBORA ZEMANOVÁ; ANDREAS KRANZ; MABEL D. GIMÉNEZ; PETRA HÁJKOVÁ
INST VERTEBRATE BIOLOGY AS CR
Lugar: Brno, Czech Republic; Año: 2012 vol. 61 p. 241 - 247
Chamois (Rupicapra rupicapra) introductions were popular at the beginning of the 20th century when first animals were shipped from Austria to the Czech Republic and New Zealand. The historical record of the Czech introduction indicates Neuberg Murzsteg Game Reservein Eastern Alps, Styria, Austria as the main area of origin of founders. First animals for the New Zealand population are thought to have originated from Ebensee, Upper Austria, Austria and later more animals came from the Murzsteg region. We sequenced mitochondrial control region of chamois from the introduced populations and their putative source areas, and we applied median-joining networks and Bayesian inference analysis to distinguish the regions of origin of female founders. We found the Murzsteg region as the most likely source population for introductions to the Czech Republic and New Zealand, supplemented with close association with sequences from Ebensee in populations from the Czech Republic. Genetic diversity present in the Czech Republic was further relocated to the introduced populations in Slovakia in the 1960´s.