PEREZ Alejandra patricia
Mycosporine-like Amino Acids in Freshwater Copepods: Potential Sources and Some Factors That Affect Their Bioaccumulation
GARCÍA, P. E.; DIÉGUEZ, M C.; FERRARO, M.A; ZAGARESE H. E.; PÉREZ, A. P.
PHOTOCHEMISTRY AND PHOTOBIOLOGY
The American Society of Photobiology
Año: 2010 vol. 86 p. 353 - 359
Mycosporine-like amino acids (MAAs) are ubiquitous photoprotective compounds in aquatic environments. MAAs are synthesized by a wide variety of organisms (i.e. bacteria, fungi and algae) and their production is photoinducible by ultraviolet radiation (UVR) (280-400 nm) and or photosynthetically active radiation (400-750 nm). Most animals however, are unable to synthesize MAAs and must acquire these compounds through their diet or from symbiotic organisms. In this paper, we investigate the possible sources of MAAs and factors (temperature and initial MAA concentration) that may affect their bioaccumulation in freshwater copepods. We found thatMAA accumulation may occur even if the copepods are cultured on a MAA-free diet. In addition, we found that the bacteriostatic antibiotic, chloramphenicol, inhibits the bioaccumulation of MAAs. These two pieces of evidence suggest that the source of MAAs in these copepods may be prokaryotic organisms in close association with the animals. The two factors investigated in thisstudy, temperature and initial MAA concentrations, were found to affect the rates at which MAAs are accumulated. Temperature had positive effects on both uptake and elimination rates.On the other hand, the rate of uptake decreased at the highest assayed initial MAA concentration, probably because the concentration of MAAs was already close to saturation.