FRANCHI Ana Maria
Interleukin-1 up-regulates nitrite production: effects on ovarian function
ESTEVEZ, ALEJANDRA; FARINA, MARIANA GABRIELA; ANA MARIA FRANCHI; C JOHNSON; MOTTA, ALICIA BEATRIZ
Nitric Oxide-Biology and Chemistry
Año: 2004 vol. 10 p. 92 - 100
We have previously reported that Interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) affects ovarian function in the rat, modulating prostaglandin and progesterone (P) production. As IL-1beta effects were associated to nitric oxide (NO) synthesis, in the present work we have further examined the role of ovarian NOS-system, in IL-1beta antisteroidogenic action. Mid-luteal explants from rats were incubated for 4 h in the presence of IL-1beta (1-35 ng/ml)-alone or in combination with NOS-inhibitors-and then assayed for P and nitrite production. IL-1beta treatment reduced P levels in a dose-dependent manner, returning to basal levels at 35 ng/ml. This reduction in steroid synthesis was paralleled by a dose-dependent increase in nitrite levels, reaching a maximum at 25 ng/ml but without effect at 35 ng/ml. L-Arginine (1 and 2 mM) was able to mimic IL-1beta actions and the NOS blocker L-Nitro-Arginin-Methyl Ester reverted these effects. Moreover, the selective iNOS inhibitor, 1400 W, completely abolished IL-1beta antisteroidogenic effect, therefore confirming the dependence of IL-1beta action upon iNOS activation. Finally, IL-1beta did not affect eNOS expression but up-regulated iNOS mRNA and protein levels. Our results suggest an interaction between IL-1beta and the NOS-system. Thus, we may conclude that in the rat iNOS-derived NO production, induced by IL-1beta, affects ovarian P biosynthesis and hence NO may be a major effector molecule of ovarian IL-1 system.