FRANCHI Ana Maria
17-beta-Estradiol upregulates COX-2 in the rat oviduct.
S PEREZ-MARTINEZ; M HERMOSO; M FARINA; M L RIBEIRO; M RAPANELLI; M ESPINOSA; M VILLALON; A FRANCHI
Lugar: USA; Año: 2006 vol. 80 p. 155 - 164
We investigated the regulation of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) by 17-beta-estradiol (E2) in the rat oviduct. We observed that COX-2 is expressed mainly in proestrous and estrous stages, periods under estrogenic influence. While exogenous administration of E2 (1 microg/rat) significantly increased COX-2 protein levels, progesterone did not modify it. COX-2 was mainly localized on oviductal epithelial cells from estrogenized rat. Induction of COX-2 expression by E2 was partially reverted by tamoxifen (1 mg/rat), an E2 receptor antagonist. Estradiol treatment also increased prostaglandins (PGs) synthesis: 6-keto-PGF(1alpha) (40%), a stable metabolite of prostacyclin (PGI2), PGF(2alpha) (40%) and PGE2 (50%). Tamoxifen completely suppressed this enhancement. In order to discriminate which isoform of COX was implicated in the stimulatory effect of E2 on PGs synthesis, oviducts were preincubated with meloxicam (Melo: 10(-9)M) or NS-398 (10(-7)M), two selective COX-2 inhibitors. Both Melo and NS-398 abolished the increase of PGs synthesis stimulated by E2. All together, these data indicate that E2 could upregulate COX-2 expression and activity in the rat oviduct and that the stimulatory effect of E2 may be receptor-mediated.