ALBERTO edgardo Omar
Pectinase production by Aspergillus giganteus in solid-state fermentation: optimization, scale-up, biochemical characterization and its application in olive-oil extraction
ORTIZ, GASTÓN E.; PONCE-MORA, MARÍA C.; NOSEDA, DIEGO G.; CAZABAT, GABRIELA; SARAVALLI, CELINA; LÓPEZ, MARÍA C.; GIL, GUILLERMO P.; BLASCO, MARTÍN; ALBERTÓ, EDGARDO O.
JOURNAL OF INDUSTRIAL MICROBIOLOGY & BIOTECHNOLOGY
Año: 2017 vol. 44 p. 197 - 211
The application of pectinases in industrial olive-oil processes is restricted by its production cost. Consequently, new fungal strains able to produce higher pectinase titers are required. The aim of this work was to study the capability of Aspergillus giganteus NRRL10 to produce pectinolytic enzymes by SSF and evaluate the application of these in olive-oil extraction. A. giganteus was selected among 12 strains on the basis of high pectinolytic activity and stability. A mixture composed by wheat bran, orange, and lemon peels was selected as the best substrate for enzyme production. Statistical analyses of the experimental design indicated that pH, temperature, and CaCl2 are the main factors that affect the production. Subsequently, different aeration flows were tested in a tray reactor; the highest activity was achieved at 20 L min−1 per kilogram of dry substrate (kgds). Finally, the pectinolytic enzymes from A. giganteus improved the oil yield and rheological characteristics without affecting oil chemical properties.