ERCOLI marcos dario
Systematic and morphogeometric analyses of Pachyrukhinae (Mammalia, Hegetotheriidae) from the HuayquerÍas, Mendoza (Argentina): biostratigraphic and evolutionary implications
VERA, BÁRBARA; ERCOLI, MARCOS D.
JOURNAL OF VERTEBRATE PALEONTOLOGY
SOC VERTEBRATE PALEONTOLOGY
Lugar: Lawrence; Año: 2018 vol. 38
ABSTRACT?We present new remains of Pachyrukhinae (Hegetotheriidae) from the Huayquerıas del Este (Mendoza, Argentina). We identify Tremacyllus impressus, proposing T. subdiminutus as a synonym and providing new data on postcranial bones for this taxon. Tremacyllus specimens from Mendoza reveal a wide and continuous morphological variation that encompasses the morphological differences of species previously considered valid, emphasizing the need for a systematic study focused on all representatives of the genus. We also recognize Paedotherium typicum, which shows a combination offeatures differing from other species of the genus. The large sample allows us to improve the diagnosis for both the genus Tremacyllus and the species T. impressus and P. typicum. Both species coexist in the Huayquerıas Formation; T. impressus is also present in the Tunuyan Formation, whereas the specimens recognized as Paedotherium in this unit were not identifiable at species level. Applying geometric morphometric methods on the dentition, we partially support the taxonomic decisions. We present the first phylogenetic analysis including all the species of Tremacyllus and Paedotherium, using morphologicalcharacters of skull and postcranium. According to our results, Tremacyllus is a monophyletic group supported by two synapomorphies, whereas Paedotherium is paraphyletic, in agreement with the prior hypothesis. The record of Paedotheriumtypicum presented here extends the biochron of this taxon into the late Miocene, which is relevant for establishing biostratigraphic and paleobiogeographic affinities with other Miocene localities.