ENRIZENRIZ] ricardoricardo] danieldaniel]
The antimicrobial activity of annona emarginata (Schltdl.) H. Rainer and most active isolated compounds against clinically important bacteria
DOLAB, JUAN G; LIMA, BEATRIZ; SPACZYNSKA, EWELINA; KOS, JIRI; CANO, NATIVIDAD H.; FERESIN, GABRIELA; TAPIA, ALEJANDRO; GARIBOTTO, FRANCISCO; PETENATTI, ELISA; OLIVELLA, MONICA; MUSIOL, ROBERT; JAMPILEK, JOSEF; ENRIZENRIZ], RICARDORICARDO] D.
MOLECULAR DIVERSITY PRESERVATION INTERNATIONAL-MDPI
Año: 2018 vol. 23 p. 1187 - 1187
Annona emarginata (Schltdl.) H. Rainer, commonly known as ?arachichú?, ?araticú?, ?aratigú?, and ?yerba mora?, is a plant that grows in Argentina. Infusions and decoctions are used in folk medicine as a gargle against throat pain and for calming toothache; another way to use the plant for these purposes is chewing its leaves. Extracts from bark, flowers, leaves, and fruits from A. emarginata were subjected to antibacterial assays against a panel of Gram (+) and Gram (−) pathogenic bacteria according to Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute protocols. Extracts from the stem bark and leaves showed moderate activity against the bacteria tested with values between 250?1000 µg/mL. Regarding flower extracts, less polar extracts (hexane, dichloromethane) showed very strong antibacterial activity against methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923 and methicillin-resistant S. aureus ATCC 43300 with values between 16?125 µg/mL. Additionally, hexane extract showed activity against Klebsiella pneumoniae (MIC = 250 µg/mL). The global methanolic extract of the fruits (MeOHGEF) was also active against the three strains mentioned above, with MICs values 250?500 µg/mL. Bioassay-guided fractionation of MeOHGEF led to the isolation of a new main compound?(R)-2-(4-methylcyclohex-3-en-1-yl)propan-2-yl (E)-3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)acrylate (1). The structure and relative configurations have been determined by means of 1D and 2D NMR techniques, including COSY, HMQC, HMBC, and NOESY correlations. Compound 1 showed strong antimicrobial activity against all Gram (+) species tested (MICs = 3.12?6.25 µg/mL). In addition, the synthesis and antibacterial activity of some compounds structurally related to compound 1 (including four new compounds) are reported. A SAR study for these compounds was performed based on the results obtained by using molecular calculations.