Pollen morphology of some species of Vernonia sensu lato (Vernonieae, Asteraceae) from Argentina and Paraguay
DEMATTEIS, M.; PIRE, S. M.
Taylor & Francis
Lugar: Stockholm; Año: 2008 vol. 47 p. 117 - 129
Pollen morphology is widely used in taxonomic treatments of tribe Vernonieae, and differences in exine structure and aperture form have been described for many species within the genera comprising the tribe. However, in recent years a number of new species have been described and, in the present paper, we describe in detail the pollen of 24 species of the tribe which are either endemic or uncommon to certain regions of Argentina or of Paraguay. The pollen of these species are radially symmetrical and more or less spheroidal, 3-colporate or, in one species, 3-porate; the exine may be tectate or semitectate and microperforate, with echinate lophae or, in the 3-porate example, psilate lophae. Using a range of characteristics related to size, shape, wall thickness, apertures and tectum surface morphology, five of the six pollen types previously described for tribe Vernonieae, and a subtype, are recognized. Our results support the usefulness of pollen morphology in helping to determine the taxonomic position of species within tribe Vernonieae.