SALOMON Oscar Daniel
Phlebotomine vectores de leishmaniasis en las provincias de Santa Fe y Entre Ríos, Argentina
SALOMON OD; J MOCARBEL, NICOLAS; ELENA PEDRONI,; JAVIER COLOMBO,; MONICA SANDILLU,
MEDICINA (BUENOS AIRES)
Año: 2006 vol. 66 p. 220 - 224
The transmission of tegumentary leishmaniasis (TL) has increased in 9 provinces of Argentina since 1985. Santa Fe and Entre Rios did not record in this period autochtonous probed cases: however, an epidemic outbreak took place in 2003 in Bella Vista, Corrientes, located in an area with ecological continuity and contiguous to both provinces. In order to evaluate the potential risk of transmission of LT, Phlebotominae were captured at locations close to and southern from Bella Vista during February 2004. The traps located on the shores of Parana river in Santa Fe (El Rabon, Villa Ocampo, Cayasta), and Entre Rios (La Paz. La Celina-Villa Urquiza) captured 860 individuals of Lutzomyia neivai (99.5%) and Lu. migonei (0.5 %), both species with vectorial capacity for Leishmania (V.) braziliensis. In Tartagal, Santa Fe, the captures were consistent with the residual "chaco" landscape, 7 individuals of Lu. nerivai, Lu. migonei and Lu. cortelezzii. The risk of LT epidemic transmission in these provinces is highlighted, mainly due to the progressive southern tropicalization of the paranaense gallery forest. Clinical and entomological surveillance is recommended.