SALOMON Oscar Daniel
Envenenamiento por picadura de abejas
DE ROODT AR; SALOMON OD; ORDUNA TA; ROBLES ORTIZ LE; PANIAGUA SOLÍS JF; ALAGÓN CANO A
Gaceta Médica Mexicana
Año: 2005 vol. 141 p. 215 - 222
Among the human pathologies produced by venomous animals, bee stings constitute the largest number of accidents in several countries, exceeding the mortality rate caused by other venomous animals such as snakes, spiders or scorpions. The clinical picture after the bee sting may include anaphylaxis or poisoning. The latter is produced by massive attacks and is a serious problem that may put the patient's life at risk. People that are poisoned display hemolysis, rhabdomiolysis and acute renal failure that together with other systemic failures can bring about death. The knowledge of the physiopathological mechanisms involved in the massive attack of bees is crucial for health care professionals as to date we do not have antivenoms with proven clinical efficacy. In this review we include the bee's biological aspects, venom composition and its relation with the occurrence and severity of accidents as well as epidemiological data that can be useful for this type of accidents.