SALOMON Oscar Daniel
Larval Competition between Aedes albopictus and Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) in Argentina: Coexistence and Implications in the Distribution of the Asian Tiger Mosquito
LIZUAIN, ARTURO ANDRES; MAFFEY, LUCIA; GARZÓN, MAXIMILIANO; LEPORACE, MARINA; SOTO, DANNY; DIAZ, PAULA; SALOMÓN, OSCAR DANIEL; SANTINI, MARÍA SOLEDAD; SCHWEIGMANN, NICOLÁS
JOURNAL OF MEDICAL ENTOMOLOGY
ENTOMOLOGICAL SOC AMER
Año: 2022 vol. 59 p. 1636 - 1645
Aedes aegypti (Linnaeus) and Aedes albopictus (Skuse) are worldwide vectors of dengue and yellow fever viruses. These species coexist in many countries and the biotic interactions between them can influence their abundances and distributions. In Argentina, Ae. aegypti is widely distributed in the north and center regions of the country, with temperate and subtropical climate, while both are sympatric only in the northeastern area of the subtropical region. Interspecific and intraspecific larval competition for food was evaluated to assess if their interaction influences on patterns of abundance and distribution. Finite rates of increase and survivorship for each species were estimated and the effects of mosquito density ratio and detritus availability were determined. The Lambda (λ) index of population performance of both showed there is no competitive exclusion pattern. However, survival of Ae. albopictus was negatively affected by the presence of Ae. aegypti. These results suggest one possible explanation for the codominance pattern of both species display in rural regions of the southernmost distribution of Ae. albopictus in South America. They also show Ae. aegypti as a potential biotic barrier for the expansion of Ae. albopictus as was reported in regions of the United States.