SALOMON Oscar Daniel
Lutzomyia longipalpis in Uruguay, first report and potential of visceral leishmaniasis transmission
SALOMON OD; BASMAJDIAN Y; FERNANDEZ MS; SANTINI MS
MEMÃ³RIAS DO INSTITUTO OSWALDO CRUZ.
FUNDACO OSWALDO CRUZ
Lugar: Rio de Janeiro; Año: 2011 vol. 106 p. 381 - 382
Phlebotomine captures were performed in February 2010 in Salto (Salto department) and Bella Unión-Cuarein (Artigas department), Uruguay. Bella Unión is located across the Paraná River from Monte Caseros, Argentina, where a focus of canine visceral leishmaniasis (VL) was reported in 2009. No VL cases have ever been recorded in Uruguay and the last reported capture of Phlebotominae was in 1932 (Lutzomyia cortelezzii and Lutzomyia gaminarai). Light traps were placed in peridomestic environments, and Lutzomyia longipalpis, the main vector of visceral leishmaniasis, was found in Salto and Bella Unión. This is a first report of an area of potential VL transmission in Uruguay. Active and coordinated surveillance is required immediately the Uruguay-Argentina-Brazil border area