AGUIAR leonardo dionel
Geographic variation in the advertisement call of Trachycephalus typhonius (Anura: Hylidae) based on South American samples
VÍCTOR HUGO ZARACHO; LEONARDO DIONEL AGUIAR; ARIOVALDO ANTONIO GIARETTA
Lugar: Auckland; Año: 2018
Previously described calls of Trachycephalus typhonius (Linnaeus, 1758) correspond to several populations from Centraland South America, but in general, these descriptions were brief and often based on a single recorded individual. Here,based on an expressive sample, we re-describe the advertisement calls of T. typhonius using recordings from populationsin Brazil and Argentina. Additionally, we discuss geographical variation of calls, comment on their frequency band structureand compare calls with those described for other species of Trachycephalus. Calls of 32 males were recorded andtemporal and spectral features of 269 calls were measured. To search for discrimination among three populations sampledwe used the Random Forest (RF) model, Multidimensional Scaling Analysis (MDS) and Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney RankSum Test. The advertisement calls of T. typhonius consist of a multipulsed note of 343?540 ms of duration, emitted atregular intervals, with up to three emphasized frequency bands. Dominant frequency ranged between 1705?2750 Hz.Calls from Rondônia (Brazil) were significantly different from those recorded in Argentina and Minas Gerais (Brazil) inrelation to pulse rate and dominant frequency. Populations from Minas Gerais and Argentina differed in dominant frequencyof calls. Such population differences can be partly attributed to differences in prevalence of calling sites (immersed inwater vs. perches on vegetation), but can also hint at the existence of cryptic species diversity under this taxon.