GIMENEZ analia Laura
Ecomorphological diversity in the Patagonian assemblage of bats from Argentina
GIMÉNEZ ANALÍA LAURA; GIANNINI NORBERTO PEDRO
POLISH ACAD SCIENCES
Lugar: Bialowieza; Año: 2017 vol. 19 p. 287 - 287
Patagonian bats are represented by only insectivorous species, five vespertilionids and one molossid species. They constitutean interesting assemblage of temperate species that remains poorly studied. Here we uncover ecomorphological patterns of Patagonian bats using craniodental morphology, aerodynamic measurements, and external bodily characters. Multivariate analysis was applied to characterize morphometric variation of each dataset separately and in combination. We explored the segregation ofspecies in morphospace, and the importance of phylogeny in the assemblage organization. We used a phylogenetic comparative method to evaluate historical effects on the morphofunctional structure. Our results indicated that the species of the Patagonian assemblage segregate in dimensions of morphospace by size and morphology, which would be related to prey selection (trophicdifferences) and habitat use (different styles of flight). We also demonstrated the impact of different cladogenetic events of the evolutionary history of species on the structuring of the Patagonian assemblage, with the successive addition of non-overlapping, well-defined morphofunctional types imported from other South American regions, and whit speciation events that resulted inspecies-level endemisms (Myotis chiloensis, Histiotus magellanicus, and Lasiurus varius).