PERSONAL DE APOYO
FASCIO Mirta Liliana
Synthesis and evaluation of N-substituted acridones as antiviral agents against hemorrhagic fever viruses
CLAUDIA SEPúLVEDA; MIRTA L. FASCIO; MARíA B. MAZZUCCO; MAITE L. DOCAMPO PALACIOS; ROLANDO F. PELLóN; CYBELE C. GARCíA; NORMA B. D´ACCORSO; ELSA B. DAMONTE
ANTIVIRAL CHEMISTRY & CHEMOTHERAPY
International Medical Press
Lugar: Londres; Año: 2008 vol. 19 p. 41 - 47
Background: In the present study, a series of N-substituted acridone derivatives was synthesized and evaluated against two haemorrhagic fever viruses (HFV).Methods: Compounds were tested against Junin virus (JUNV), an arenavirus agent of Argentine haemorrhagic fever, and dengue virus (DENV), a flavivirus agent of the most prevalent arthropod-borne viral disease in humans.Results: Among tested compounds, two N-allyl acridones (derivatives 3c and 3f) elicited a potent and selective antiviral activity against JUNV (strain IV4454) and DENV-2 (strain NGC) with 50% effective concentration values between 2.5 and 5.5 ìM, as determined by virus yield inhibition. No cytotoxicity was detected at concentrations up to 1,000 ìM, resulting in selectivity indices >181.8400.0. Both acridones were effective against a wide spectrum of arenaviruses and the four serotypes of DENV. Furthermore, 3c and 3f failed to inactivate virus before cell infection as well as to induce a refractory state by cell pretreatment, indicating that the inhibitory effect was exerted through a blockade in virus multiplication during the infectious process.Conclusion: These data are the first demonstration that acridone derivatives have a potent antiviral activity that block in vitro multiplication of HFV belonging to Arenaviridae and Flaviviridae, such as JUNV and DENV.