congresos y reuniones científicas
Cenozoic synorogenic deposits in the Southern Central Andes: a key to understanding the causes and consequences of orogenic building
SURIANO, JULIETA; MAHONEY, BRIAN; LOSSADA, ANA; MARDONEZ, DIEGO; GIAMBIAGI, LAURA; MESCUA, JOSÉ; MAZZITELLI, M.; BARRIONUEVO, MATÍAS; AGUILAR, ANDREA; QUIROGA, RODRIGO
Congreso; 8 th International Symposium on Andean Geodynamics (ISAG); 2019
Instituto Geofísico, Escuela Politécnica Nacional
In the last decade, numerous works dating either synorogenic deposits or exhumation in theSouthern Central Andes (30°-36°S) were published. While these studies provide importantinsight into spatiotemporal latitudinal variations in the Andean evolution, a comprehensive regionaland critical view of these new findings and their significance for its orogenic evolution is stillmissing. Combining sedimentological, structural and thermochronological analysis from proximal todistal areas of the foreland basin system at different latitudes from 30° to 36° S provides a threedimensionalview for the structural and depositional evolution of this segment of the orogen.In the northern study segments, above the flat slab subduction zone (30-33°S), five morphostructuralprovinces can be recognized, from west to east: Coastal Cordillera, Principal Cordillera,Frontal Cordillera, Precordillera and Sierras Pampeanas. The Precordillera and Sierras Pampeanasterminate southward at 33°S and Frontal Cordillera at 34°S. To the south, only the San Rafael blockappears as an important positive feature in the foreland.Using several complementary techniques (sedimentary analysis of provenance, facies analysis, U/Pb geochronology, thermochronology, 3D kinematic models and paleostress inversion), we canreconstruct the episodes of uplift of the different ranges and the pattern of deposition in the basinthrough time. This multidisciplinary approach allows us to challenge previous evolutionary models.The beginning of the Andean cycle has been proposed in the upper Cretaceous, with forelanddeposits only recognized in the southern part of the studied area (south of 32ºS). Our results suggestan initial Eocene compressive phase took place in the northern area.While Late Cretaceous and Eocene phases are locally recognized, the Miocene pulse iswidely registered along the study area. In the Main (or Principal) Cordillera, uplift is synchronic alongstrike, and occurs around 20-18 Ma. The uplift in the northern area appears to be sealed at ~16 Ma,whereas it continued into the upper Miocene in the south. In addition, different blocks from theCordillera Frontal were synchronously activated at ~17-16 Ma. The Western Precordillera uplift hasalso been synchronic along strike since 14-13 Ma. This suggests that the uplifting sequence in thesouthern Central Andes is not controlled by the flattening of the slab (~10 Ma), as previouslyproposed. The results of this multidisciplinary approach question the idea that the sole firstcontrol of all Andean construction is subduction dynamics.