INVESTIGADORES
SEITZ Carina
artículos
Título:
Response of shallow lakes in the arid-semiarid Pampas of Argentina to Late Holocene hydroclimatic change
Autor/es:
SEITZ, CARINA; VÉLEZ, MARÍA I.; PERILLO, GERARDO M.E.
Revista:
QUATERNARY INTERNATIONAL
Editorial:
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Referencias:
Año: 2022
ISSN:
1040-6182
Resumen:
This study presents a paleolimnological and paleoclimatological reconstruction based on diatoms and phytoliths of four Pampean shallow lakes (from south to north, La Salada, Sauce Grande, Los Chilenos, and Puan) strategically located along a climatic gradient from arid (south) to semiarid conditions (north). This research aims to identify the main drivers and mechanisms of long-term ecological change, and the main climatic mechanisms behind the regional hydroclimatic variability. It was found that these lakes were initially temporary, with clear waters, and eventually, became permanent with turbid waters. We propose that this change is due to an increase in precipitation in the last ca 1000 years, which resulted in higher lake levels and an increase in surface area,leading to an increased fetch and subsequent resuspension of sediment. This climatic amelioration occurred after ~910 cal yr BP, first in what is today the arid Pampean region, then in the semiarid region, and finally in the modern humid region at ~ -9 cal yr BP (1959 CE). Variations in lake?s water level were the main driver of ecological change, followed by salinity (in Puan and La Salada) and nutrient load (in Los Chilenos and Sauce Grande). In general, those lakes on the southwest, located closer to the limit of moisture influence originating in the Pacific and Atlantic oceans (Arid Diagonal) were more sensitive to hydroclimatic changes than those located in the central Pampean region.