KLER Pablo Alejandro
Precise electroosmotic flow measurements on paper substrates
FRANCK, NICOLÁS; SCHAUMBURG, FEDERICO; KLER, PABLO A.; URTEAGA, RAÚL
WILEY-V C H VERLAG GMBH
Año: 2021 vol. 42 p. 975 - 982
A novel method for electroosmotic flow (EOF) measurement on paper substrates is presented; it is based on dynamic mass measurements by simply using an analytical balance. This technique provides a more reliable alternative to other EOF measurement methods on porous media. The proposed method is used to increase the amount and quality of the available information about physical parameters that characterize fluid flow on microfluidic paper?based analytical devices (μPADs). Measurements were performed on some of the most frequently used materials for μPADs, i.e., Whatman #1, S&S, and Muntktell 00A filter paper. Obtained experimental results are consistent with the few previously reported data, either experimental or numerical, characterizing EOF in paper substrates. Moreover, a thorough analysis is presented for the quantification of the different effects that affect the measurements such as Joule effect and evaporation. Experimental results enabled, for the first time, to establish well-defined electroosmotic characteristics for the three substrates in terms of the magnitude of EOF as funtion of pH, enabling researchers to make a rational choice of the substrate depending on the electrophoretic technique to be implemented. The measurement method can be described as robust, reliable, and affordable enough for being adopted by researchers and companies devoted to electrophoretic μPADs and related technologies.