KLER Pablo Alejandro
Column--coupling strategies for multidimensional electrophoretic separations
KLER, PABLO A.; SYDES, DANIEL; HUHN, CAROLIN
ANALYTICAL AND BIOANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY
Lugar: HEIDELBERG; Año: 2015 vol. 407 p. 119 - 138
Multidimensional electrophoretic separations represent one of the most common strategies for dealing with the analysis of complex samples. In recent years we have been witnessing the explosive growth of separation techniques for the analysis of complex samples in applica- tions ranging from life sciences to industry. In this sense, electrophoretic separations offer several strategic advan- tages such as excellent separation efficiency, different methods with a broad range of separation mechanisms, and low liquid consumption generating less waste effluents and lower costs per analysis, among others. Despite their impressive separation efficiency, multidimensional elec- trophoretic separations present some drawbacks that have delayed their extensive use: the volumes of the columns, and consequently of the injected sample, are significantly smaller compared to other analytical techniques, thus the coupling interfaces between two separations components must be very efficient in terms of providing geometrical precision with low dead volume. Likewise, very sensitive detection systems are required. Additionally, in electropho- retic separation techniques, the surface properties of the columns play a fundamental role for electroosmosis as well as the unwanted adsorption of proteins or other complex biomolecules. In this sense the requirements for an efficient coupling for electrophoretic separation techniques involve several aspects related to microfluidics and physicochem- ical interactions of the electrolyte solutions and the solid capillary walls. It is interesting to see how these multi- dimensional electrophoretic separation techniques have been used jointly with different detection techniques, for intermediate detection as well as for final identification and quantification, particularly important in the case of mass spectrometry. In this work we present a critical review about the different strategies for coupling two or more electrophoretic separation techniques and the different intermediate and final detection methods implemented for such separations.