LIZARRAGA Fernando Alberto
Madison, Rawls, and the Pursuit of Political Stability
LIZÁRRAGA, FERNANDO ALBERTO
Huellas de Estados Unidos
Universidad de Buenos Aires
Lugar: Buenos Aires; Año: 2022 vol. 22 p. 38 - 57
In this article I intend, primarily, to outline some thoughts regarding the views on stability by two of the most important American political thinkers: James Madison, drafter of the Constitution, and John Rawls, undoubtedly one of the most influential egalitarian political philosophers in recent decades. I will first single out and comment on some of the main ideas in Federalist 10, in order to see, in a second moment, how a contemporary philosopher like Rawls fits into the broad tradition of American political thought, combining liberal, republican, egalitarian, and utopian elements. In a nutshell, I will emphasize that Madisons text is an interrogation about the nature of instability and the means to avoid or overcome it through institutional procedures and that Rawls´s theory takes up this tradition and pushes it into new grounds, connecting freedom and equality as the basis of a society that can be stable when a wide consensus is built upon fair principles of justice.