VIÑARTA Silvana Carolina
Effects of thermal, alkaline and ultrasonic treatments on scleroglucan stability and ﬂow behavior
VIÑARTA S.C.; DELGADO O.D.; FIGUEROA L.I.C.; FARIÑA J.I.
ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Lugar: Amsterdam; Año: 2013 vol. 94 p. 496 - 496
Aqueous solutions (0.2% w/v) of scleroglucans from S. rolfsii ATCC 201126 from different cultivation time or purification protocol (EPS I, EPS II, EPSi) as well as a commercial scleroglucan (LSCL) exhibited different sensitivity against thermal (65, 95 and 150ºC), ultrasonic (1, 5 and 10 min; 20% amplitude) or alkaline (0.01-0.2 N NaOH) treatments. Scleroglucan triple helix usually showed signs of denaturation at 150ºC or with 0.2 NaOH with a pronounced decrease in apparent viscosity and loss of pseudoplastic behavior. Differences in sensitivity could be noted depending on the scleroglucan sample, which may be likely related to polysaccharide conformational features, and these latter to production and/or downstream processing conditions. Transmission electron microscopy showed scleroglucan topologies in accordance with thermal and alkaline denaturation. Size exclusion chromatography of control scleroglucans revealed elution profiles compatible with macromolecular aggregates which tended to diminish or disappear as thermal, alkali or sonication treatments progressed. Scleroglucan granule dissolution process took ~8-14 sec, according to DIC-light microscopy, and showed to be facilitated by addition of NaOH.