VIÑARTA Silvana Carolina
A further insight into the practical applications of exopolysaccharides from Sclerotium rolfsii
VIÑARTA S.C.; MOLINA O.E.; FIGUEROA L.I.C.; FARIÑA J.I.
Lugar: Netherlands; Año: 2006 vol. 20 p. 619 - 619
The ability of exopolysaccharides EPS I (after 48 h-cultivation) and EPS II (after 72 h-cultivation), produced by the fungus Sclerotium rolfsii ATCC 201126, to minimize the liquid separation (syneresis) experienced by cooked starch pastes during refrigeration was investigated. After comparing different techniques, the extent of syneresis was ﬁnally estimated by daily measurement of the liquid phase length (Dh) separated above the sedimented phase throughout the storage at 5 ºC. The degree of syneresis was represented by Dh/h0, where h0stands for the initial height of the sample dispersion. Proportions varying between 9.90/0.10 and 9.00/1.00 (w/w) for 2% (w/v) cornstarch/EPS aqueous blends were evaluated against 2% (w/v) corn starch (CS) as control. Up to 20 days of refrigeration and for the highesttested proportion (9.00/1.00), syneresis could be completely inhibited or 91% reduced by EPS II and EPS I, respectively. EPS II was therebyselected as the optimal syneresis preventive and subsequent analysis of its rheological behaviour in distilled water, skimmed and whole milkconﬁrmed the ability to increase viscosity with a non-Newtonian, pseudoplastic behaviour. Rheology of CS/EPS II blends, when compared tothe separated CS and EPS II, also evidenced a desirable synergistic effect in the aforementioned solvents, as witnessed by the increase inviscosity, higher consistency coefﬁcients and lower ﬂow behaviour indexes. Additionally, EPS II was able to prevent syneresis withoutaffecting pH, gelling properties, hardness or colour. These results revealed that scleroglucan might become a food-approvable hydrocolloidwith prospective use as food stabilizer and water loss preventive.