SEGURA Luciano Noel
Genetic structure reveals management units for the yellow cardinal (Gubernatrix cristata), endangered by habitat loss and illegal trapping
DOMÍNGUEZ, MARISOL; RALPH, TIEDEMANN; REBOREDA, JUAN C.; SEGURA, LUCIANO N.; TITTARELLI, FABIÁN; MAHLER, BETTINA
Lugar: Berlin; Año: 2017 vol. 18
The yellow cardinal, Gubernatrix cristata, is an endangered passerine from southern South America. Populations are declining due to the loss of their natural habitat, which has caused a fragmented distribution, and the continuous extraction of individuals from the wild, mainly males, to sell them as cage birds. In this study, we assess the genetic variability of remaining yellow cardinal?s populations and determine whether these populations represent independent management units. We found that the degree of geographic isolation of the remaining populations parallels the genetic differentiation of these populations for both mitochondrial and nuclear markers, and supports the delimitation of four management units for the yellow cardinal (three in Argentina and one in Uruguay). Assignment tests showed that geographic genetic differentiation can be used to assign seized individuals from illegal pet trade to their original populations and thus manage their release.