FERNANDEZ Maria Celia
Targeting the IGF-axis potentiates immunotherapy for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma liver metastases by altering the immunosuppressive microenvironment.
MASAKAZU HASHIMOTO; JOHN DAVID KONDA; STEPHANIE PERRINO; MARIA CELIA FERNANDEZ; ANDREW M LOWY; PNINA BRODT
MOLECULAR CANCER THERAPEUTICS
AMER ASSOC CANCER RESEARCH
Lugar: Philadelphia; Año: 2021
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is a highly aggressive malignancy, resistant to chemotherapy and associated with high incidence of liver metastases and poor prognosis. Using murine models of aggressive PDAC, we show here that in mice bearing hepatic metastases, treatment with the IGF-Trap, an inhibitor of type 1 insulin like growth factor receptor (IGF-IR) signaling, profoundly altered the local, immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment in the liver, curtailing the recruitment of myeloid derived suppressor cells, reversing innate immune cell polarization and inhibiting metastatic expansion. Significantly, we found that immunotherapy with anti PD-1 antibodies also reduced the growth of experimental PDAC liver metastases, and this effect was enhanced when combined with IGF-Trap treatment, resulting in further potentiation of a T cell response. Our results show that a combinatorial immunotherapy based on dual targeting of the pro-metastatic immune microenvironment of the liver via IGF blockade, on one hand, and reversing T cell exhaustion on the other, can provide a significant therapeutic benefit in the management of PDAC metastases.