congresos y reuniones científicas
Outsourcing: contributions for the analysis of its impact in Argentina and Latin America
Conferencia; Developing and Implementing Policies for a Better Future at Work, OIT; 2015
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This paper has the main aim to provide some preliminary elements to underline the urgent need to study in greater depth the impact of outsourcing, in Argentina and Latin America. During the last decades, in close relationship with the process of globalization, technological change and predominance of the neoliberal perspectives, a series of business strategies eroded the strength of union organization and the protection of labor rights worldwide. Outsourcing was one of these key strategies. Although there are open debates regarding its definition and scope, outsourcing can be generally defined as the decision made by a company of subcontracting a part of the productive process, which can include activities such as product design or manufacturing, or else cleaning or security activities, for example, to a third-party. This paper will make the central point that although it can seem, at first sight, as only related to costs and productive organization, the process of outsourcing brings with it in fact serious consequences for workers, their labor rights and their ability to organize. First, it will briefly define the concept of outsourcing, its main forms and characteristics. Second, it will review a few available quantifications for the global phenomena and its presence and impact in Latin America. Third, it will briefly analyze some of the contributions regarding the periodization of this phenomenon in Latin America. Fourth, it will analyze a series of contributions about the Argentine case. Lastly, it will summarize some of the impacts and consequences of outsourcing in Argentina and will underline the importance of further analysis of this issue.