ALZA Natalia Paola
Alkaloids from Habranthus tubispathus and H. jamesonii, two Amaryllidaceae with Acetyl- and Butyrylcholinesterase Inhibition Activity
CAVALLARO, V.; ALZA, N.P.; MURRAY, M.G.; MURRAY, A.P.
NATURAL PRODUCT COMMUNICATIONS
NATURAL PRODUCTS INC
Lugar: Westerville, Ohio; Año: 2014 vol. 9 p. 159 - 162
Alzheimer´s disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disorder associated with memory impairment and cognitive deficit. Most of the drugs currently available for the treatment of AD are acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitors. Plants of the Amaryllidaceae family are known to synthesize alkaloids, which have shown AChE inhibitory activity. Habranthus tubispathus and H. jamesonii are two Amaryllidaceae that can be found growing wild to the southwest of Buenos Aires in Argentina. Acetyl- and butyrylcholinesterase inhibition was observed for the extracts obtained from bulbs of H. tubispathus and bulbs and aerial parts of H. jamesonii. The strongest cholinesterase inhibition was observed for the alkaloid extract obtained from the aerial parts for H. jamesonii (AChE IC50= 0.7 µg/mL; BChE IC50= 6.7 µg/mL). The AChE inhibition observed for H. jamesonii could be explained by the presence of galanthamine and sanguinine, two potent AChE inhibitors. The levels of lycorine and hippeastidine, moderate AChE inhibitors, observed in the bulbs of H. tubispathus could be responsible for the significant AChE inhibition observed. The alkaloids present in these Amaryllidaceae were identified by means of GC-MS analysis. In the case of H. tubispathus, hippeastidine and 3-O-demethylhippeastidine, were isolated and completely characterized by 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy