RODRIGUEZ Gustavo Ruben
Genetic distance and the relationship with heterosis and reproductive behavior in tetraploid bahiagrass hybrids
MARCÓN, F.; MARTÍNEZ, E.J.; RODRÍGUEZ, G.R.; ZILLI, A.L.; BRUGNOLI, E.A.; ACUÑA, CARLOS A.
Año: 2019 vol. 39
Bahiagrass (Paspalum notatum Flüggé) is one of the main components of the South American grasslands, and it is cultivated for forage and turf around the world. At present, hybridization is the most common breeding technique for the species, and its goal is to obtain superior apomictic hybrids. The objective of the present study was to determine the relationship between heterosis, reproductive behavior, and genetic distances between parents in tetraploid bahiagrass. Genetic distance between 24 sexual tetraploid genotypes and 24 apomictic tetraploid genotypes of P. notatum was evaluated using simple sequence repeat (SSR) and inter simple sequence repeat (ISSR) markers. Crosses were made between parents with low, intermediate, or high genetic distances. Six families were generated. A marker linked to apospory in bahiagrass was used to determine segregation for mode of reproduction, and embryo sacs were characterized to estimate the level of apospory expressivity. The ratio between sexual and aposporous hybrids ranged from 1:1 to 9:1 among families. Discontinuous variation for apospory expressivity was observed among hybrids, with either low or high levels being exhibited. A significant relationship between genetic distance and proportion of aposporous hybrids was observed. Heterosis was observed for all the evaluated traits and its level was dependent on the parental combination. Genetic distances between parents were related to heterosis, mainly for forage yield, which is the most important trait in forage species. Hence, molecular markers may be useful to predict the occurrence of heterosis for this trait.