MINERVINO Ricardo Adrian
congresos y reuniones científicas
Promoting Interdomain Analogical Transfer: When Creating a Problem Helps Solving a Problem
Congreso; Third International Conference on Analogy; 2013
Institución organizadora:
University of Burgundy
The first experiment of our study replicated Kurtz and Loewenstein's (2007) finding that comparing two unsolved target problems promotes interdomain analogical transfer from a previously studied base analog. As in Kurtz's and Loewenstein's study, target comparison resulted in an increased transfer from the military problem to the radiation problem. As demonstrated by a series of control conditions, this facilitation (1) was due to retrieving the base analog and its solution, as opposed to favoring other problem solving strategies, and (2) did not simply arise from being exposed to two target problems without an encouragement to compare them. Target-comparison thus proved to be a powerful means of eliciting the retrieval and transfer of knowledge that would otherwise have remained inert. However, a limitation of target-comparison as a sustainable educational resource lays in the fact that the learner will still need to be provided with another target when confronting novel problems. To remediate this limitation, In Experiment 2 we tested the effectiveness of an intervention that consisted in providing participants with a single target, and asking them to generate an analogous problem prior to attempting its solution. One half of participants who invented an analogous problem managed to solve the radiation problem, as compared to one quarter of participants who solved the radiation problem after successfully comparing it with a second target provided by the experimenters. The advantage of promoting the fabrication of a second analog was due to the retrieval and transfer of the base solution, and not to the facilitation of other problem solving strategies. Results thus represent a valuable contribution to Kurtz and Loewenstein's quest for devising ways of increasing the retrievability of information that may have been encoded in a suboptimal manner.