VOLPEDO Alejandra Vanina
Distribution and bioaccumulation of 12 trace elements in water, sediment and tissues of the main fishery from different environments of the La Plata basin (South America): Risk assessment for human consumption
AVIGLIANO, ESTEBAN; MONFERRÁN, MAGDALENA V.; SÁNCHEZ, SEBASTIÁN; WUNDERLIN, DANIEL A.; GASTAMINZA, JOAQUIN; VOLPEDO, ALEJANDRA V.
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Año: 2019 vol. 236 p. 1 - 12
The concentration of Ag, As, Cd, Cu, Cr, Hg, Ni, Pb, Se, U, V, and Zn was analyzed in water, sediment, and different organs of Prochilodus lineatus (muscle, liver and gill) in three most commercially important catch areas along La Plata Basin, namely High Parana River (HPR), Middle Parana River (MPR) and Río de la Plata Estuary (RPE). The concentration of As, Cu and Zn (RPE) and Se (HPR) in water and As (RPE), Ni (HPR and MPR), Cu and Cr (all sites) in sediments exceeded the limits considered as hazardous for aquatic life. With the exception of Se (sediment-liver) and Pb (sediment-liver and sediment-gill), it was notobserved a significant correlation between the element concentration in tissues and that found in water and sediment. No correlation was found between the size fish and element concentrations. Liver appeared to be the main storage tissue of trace elements and was classified as a macroconcentrator of Ag, Cu, Hg and Zn. Levels of trace elements in muscle of streaked prochilod were below recommended maximum levels established by national and international guidelines. According to Target Hazard Quotient (THQ), the consumption of muscle of P. lineatus from three sampling sites did not present toxicological risk for general and fishermen populations. Multivariate analyses suggest that the threegroups studied remain with an important degree of geographical segregation, indicating that regulations should be revised according to the presence of contaminants in the different fishing areas.