FERNANDINO Juan Ignacio
congresos y reuniones científicas
The Central Nervous System acts as a transducer of stress-induced masculinization through corticotropin-releasing hormone b
CASTAÑEDA CORTÉS, D.C.; ARIAS PADILLA, L.F.; LANGLOIS, V.S.; SOMOZA, G.M.; FERNANDINO, J.I.
Taller; IV Taller Biología Celular y del Desarrollo; 2018
Exposure to environmental stressors during early development has important implications for rescheduling many cellular and molecular mechanisms. In many fish species, environmental stressors, like high temperatures (HT), cause an increase in cortisol levels. In turn, this mechanism induces sex reversal of genotypic females, overriding genetic factors related to development of the gonad. However, the involvement of the brain in this process is not well clarified. In the present work, we investigated the mRNA levels of corticotropin-releasing hormone b (crhb) and its receptors (crhr1 and crhr2), and found out that they were up-regulated at HT during the critical period of gonadal sex determination in medaka (Oryzias latipes), i.e., when the gonadal primordium is sexually bipotential. In order to clarify their roles in sex reversal, biallelic mutants for crhr1 and crhr2 were produced by CRISPR/Cas9 technology. Remarkably, biallelic mutant of both loci (crhr1 and crhr2) did not undergo female-to-male sex reversal upon HT exposition, whereas mutants for either crhr1 or crhr2 showed partial, or intersex phenotypes, suggesting that both crh receptors are required for HT-induced masculinization. Inhibition of this process in double crhrs mutants could be successfully rescued through the administration of the downstream effector of the hypothalamic-pituitary interrenal axis, the cortisol. Taken together, these results revealed for the first time the participation of the central nervous system acting as a transducer of masculinization induced by thermal stress.