ROLDAN OLARTE Eugenia Mariela
congresos y reuniones científicas
Effect of urokinase type plasminogen activator during in vitro maturation of bovine oocytes and early embryo production
MARIELA ROLDÁN OLARTE; MAILLO, V; SÁNCHEZ-CALABUIG, MJ; TÍO-CASTRO, A; BELTRÁN, P; DORA C. MICELI; RIZOS, D; GUTIÉRREZ-ADÁN, A
Congreso; 42nd Annual Conference of the International Embryo Transfer Society; 2016
International Embryo Transfer Society
The study of molecules involved in the oocyte maturation and early embryo development is crucial to improve the conditions of in vitro embryo production. The plasminogen activation system is involved in the initial steps of reproduction and urokinase type plasminogen activator (uPA) is expressed in the granulosa cells (GC) of bovine cumulus-oocyte complexes (COC). The aim of this study was to analyse the effect of uPA in bovine oocyte in vitro maturation (IVM). We have analysed whether the addition of uPA or the inhibition of its proteolytic activity affects IVM. We have evaluated (1) nuclear and cytoplasmic maturation, (2) developmental competence, and (3) oocyte and GC gene expression. Immature COC were obtained by aspiration of ovarian follicles of slaughtered heifers. Selected COC were in vitro-matured in 4 groups: control, 10 nM uPA, dimethyl sulfoxide control, and 100 μg mL?1 amiloride, a specific inhibitor of uPA proteolytic activity (4 replicates). After 24 h of IVM, oocytes of each treatment were either fixed and stained with Hoëscht (to evaluate nuclear maturation) or LCA-FITC to analyse the cortical granules distribution as a marker of cytoplasmic maturation (n = 10/group per treatment per replicate). In addition, pools of 10 oocytes and their separated GC were snap-frozen to analyse by qRT-PCR their profile expression of genes related with apoptosis (BAX, BCL2, TP53, SHC1), cell junctions (GJA1, TJP1), cell cycle (CCNB1), oxidative stress (SOD2, GPX1), oocyte quality (BMP15, GDF9), and serpin proteases inhibitors (SRP1, SRP5), normalised respect 2 housekeeping genes (H2AFZ, ACTB). The remaining COC were fertilised (Day 0) and in vitro cultured to evaluate developmental competence in terms of cleavage rate (Day 2) and blastocyst yield (Days 7?9). All data were analysed by one-way ANOVA. In the presence of amiloride, a significant reduction in the oocyte maturation was observed at both levels; 83.33% of oocytes remained in vesicle stage, and 75.0% showed a cortical granules distribution of type I. The rest of the groups (62.67%, 62.65%, and 60.29%) reached metaphase II (MII), and 51.66%, 32.9%, and 25.44% showed granule distribution of type III. For embryo development, the amiloride group had a cleavage rate and blastocyst yield significantly lower compared with controls (23.23% v. 80.85% and 83.83%; 4.45% v. 25.21% and 25.21%, respectively), whereas uPA treatment had no effect (84.28% and 24.16%). In presence of amiloride, the transcript levels of TJP1, GJA1, and CCNB1 were up-regulated, whereas SOD2, SRP1, and SRP5 were down-regulated in GC compared with all other groups (P < 0.05). No differences were observed in oocytes gene expression between treatments. In conclusion, although the addition of exogenous uPA does not alter oocyte maturation, the specific inhibition of the proteolytic activity of uPA by amiloride reduced IVM of bovine oocytes and altered the expression of genes related to cell junctions, cell cycle, oxidative stress, and serpins of GC, indicating that proteolytic activity of uPA is critical for oocyte IVM in bovines.