MARINANGELI Pablo Alejandro
Detection and frequency of lily viruses in Argentina
CHINESTRA, CAROLINA; FACCHINETTI, CECILIA; CURVETTO, N¨¦STOR; MARINANGELI PABLO
AMER PHYTOPATHOLOGICAL SOC
Año: 2010 vol. 94 p. 1188 - 1194
In a survey of lily growing fields in various regions of Argentina, three viruses, Lily symptomless virus (LSV), Lily mottle virus (LMoV) and Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV), were found in Longiflorum, Asiatic, Oriental, Longiflorum x Asiatic (LA) and Oriental x Trumpet (OT) hybrids. The areas surveyed were between latitude 26º 56´S and 43º 03´S, and longitude 65º 21´W and 71º 29´W. Virus detection was performed by double-antibody sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (DAS-ELISA), using polyclonal antiserum. In infected samples, viruses detected in decreasing order were LSV (60.5 %), LMoV (51.0 %) and CMV (28.7 %) present in single or mixed infections. Virus infection varied among tested hybrids from 36.0% (Oriental Montecristo) to 94.7% (Lilium longiflorum Avita) in 2006 and from 38.9 % (OT Yelloween) to 82.1 % (LO Triumphator) in 2007, with an overall incidence of 60.4% and 70.7% in 2006 and 2007, respectively . A variation in virus incidence among localities was also observed. The highest virus incidence (89.6% and 87.6% in 2006 and 2007, respectively) was observed in Bahía Blanca (38º 44´ S, 62º 16´ W). The lowest virus incidence, detected in Trevellin (43º 03´ S, 71º 29´ W) and in Malargüe (35º 28´ S, 69º 35´ W) were 50.0% and 48.6% in 2006 and 2007, respectively. Moreover, a different distribution of each virus was observed between localities. The high occurrence of viruses infecting lily crops in Argentina could be due to both the use of infected bulbs for propagation and the lack of preventive virus vector control measures.