CHALON Miriam Carolina
congresos y reuniones científicas
STUDY OF THE MECHANISM OF ACTION OF LINEAL BACTERIOCINS USING SUICIDE PROBES
BELLOMIO, A; RIOS COLOMBO, N.S.; BARRAZA D; GALVÁN, A.E.; ACUÑA L; LANZA, L; NAVARRO, S.A; MINAHK, C.J; CHALON M.C.
Parana, Entre Rios
Congreso; Reunion anual de la Sociedad Argentina de Investigacion en Bioquimica y Biologia Molecular; 2018
Sociedad Argentina de Investigacion en Bioquimica y Biologia Molecular
Most of the antimicrobial peptides produced by bacteria, called bacteriocins, have a spectrum of action limited to bacteria phylogeneticallyrelated to the producing strain. They generally act at the cell membrane of target bacteriadissipating the transmembrane electrical potential byforming pores. In our laboratory, we study its mechanism of action and develop new bacteriocins with expanded spectrum of action. In recentyears, it was found that the specificity of many bacteriocins is because they require a specific protein receptor in the cell membrane. To betterunderstand which role the receptor plays in the mechanism of action of some linear bacteriocins, we built suicide probes. To construct thesuicide probes, the etpM gene portion, which codes for the transmembrane helix of the EtpMbitopic protein, was fused with the structural geneof different lineal bacteriocins. These fusions were cloned under the control of the PBAD promoter in E. coli. When the suicide probes areexpressed by adding arabinose to the culture medium, the transmembrane potential dissipation occurs and the bacterium dies, even in theabsence of the membrane receptor. The co-expression of the bacteriocin-specific immunity protein prevents the dissipation of the transmembranepotential and the cells remain viable. The results presented in this work agree with the hypothesis that one of the roles of the receptor proteinwould be to anchor the bacteriocins in the membrane so that they can penetrate the lipid bilayer and form the pore.