CHALON Miriam Carolina
congresos y reuniones científicas
Microcin J25 inhibits cytochrome bd oxidoreductase activity
GALVAN, AE; CHALON M.C.; ACUñA L; SCHURIG-BRICCIO L; MINAHK CJ; GENNIS R; BELLOMíO A
Congreso; Reunión Anual de la Sociedad Argentina de Investigaciones en Bioquímica y Biología Molecular.; 2014
Sociedad Argentina de Investigaciones en Bioquímica y Biología Molecular
Microcin J25 (MccJ25) is a plasmid-encoded antimicrobial lasso peptide produced by Escherichia coli. It displays antibiotic activity against a range of Gram-negative pathogens including Escherichia coli, Salmonella and Shigella. MccJ25 has two cellular targets, the RNA polymerase and the membrane respiratory chain. MccJ25 targets the respiratory chain enzymes on the bacterial membrane with the consequent inhibition of oxygen consumption. This effect is mediated by an increase in superoxide production during the membrane respiratory processes. E. coli has two terminal oxidoreductases, the cytochrome bd and cytochrome bo3 in their respiratory system. The E. coli C43 strain (wild type) was sensitive to the peptide whereas the ÄbdI ÄbdII double mutant became fully resistant. In our laboratory, cytochrome bdI was purified and the effect of MccJ25 on the activity of this terminal oxidase was studied. The ubiquinol oxidase activity was significantly inhibited in presence of MccJ25. This inhibition was dose dependent. Furthermore, the analysis of the kinetic constants Km and Vmax allowed us to conclude that MccJ25 would act as a non-competitive inhibitor. This finding indicates that this lasso peptide would be capable of inhibiting the ubiquinol activity in vitro suggesting that the cytochrome bd might constitute a main target in E. coli membrane chain.