SAFE Martin Dario
2-Nested Matrices: Towards Understanding the Structure of Circle Graphs
DURÁN, GUILLERMO; PARDAL, NINA; SAFE, MARTÍN D.
GRAPHS AND COMBINATORICS
Lugar: Tokyo; Año: 2022 vol. 38 p. 1 - 53
A (0, 1)-matrix has the consecutive-ones property (C1P) if its columns can be permuted to make the 1s in each row appear consecutively. This property was characterized in terms of forbidden submatrices by Tucker in 1972. Several graph classes were characterized by means of this property, including interval graphs and strongly chordal digraphs. In this work, we define and characterize 2-nested matrices, which are (0, 1)-matrices with a variant of the C1P and for which there is also a certain assignment of one of two colors to each block of consecutive 1s in each row. The characterization of 2-nested matrices in the present work is of key importance to characterize split graphs that are also circle by minimal forbidden induced subgraphs.