TRENCH Juan Maximo
The role of surface similarity in analogical retrieval: Bridging the gap between the naturalistic and the experimental traditions
MAXIMO TRENCH; RICARDO MINERVINO
John Wiley & Sons
Año: 2015 vol. 39 p. 1292 - 1319
Blanchette and Dunbar (2000) have claimed that when participants are allowed to draw on their own source analogs in the service of analogical argumentation, retrieval is less constrained by surface similarity than traditional experiments suggest. In two studies, we adapted this production paradigm to control for the potentially distorting effects of analogy fabrication and uneven availability of close and distant sources in memory. Experiment 1 assessed whether participants were reminded of central episodes from popular movies while generating analogies for superficially similar vs. superficially dissimilar target situations. In Experiment 2, we modified this procedure to assess the retrieval of autobiographic memories, more familiar to participants than fictional episodes. Both studies revealed a strong effect of surface similarity on the retrieval of participants´ own sources, thus suggesting that the superficial bias typically observed in experimental studies?and simulated by most computational models?does not originate in a lack of ecological validity.