INSTITUTO DE INVESTIGACIONES EN ELECTRONICA, CONTROL Y PROCESAMIENTO DE SEÑALES
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
A simple encoding method for Sigma-Delta ADC based biopotential acquisition systems
FEDERICO N. GUERRERO; ENRIQUE MARIO SPINELLI
JOURNAL OF MEDICAL ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY
Taylor & Francis
Año: 2017 vol. 41 p. 546 - 552
Sigma Delta analogue-to-digital converters allow acquiring the full dynamic range of biomedical signals at the electrodes, resulting in less complex hardware and increased measurement robustness. However, the increased data size per sample (typically 24 bits) demands the transmission of extremely large volumes of data across the isolation barrier, thus increasing power consumption on the patient side. This problem is accentuated when a large number of channels is used as in current 128?256 electrodes biopotential acquisition systems, that usually opt for an optic fibre link to the computer. An analogous problem occurs for simpler low-power acquisition platforms that transmit data through a wireless link to a computing platform. In this paper, a low-complexity encoding method is presented to decrease sample data size without losses, while preserving the full DC-coupled signal. The method achieved a 2.3 average compression ratio evaluated over an ECG and EMG signal bank acquired with equipment based on Sigma-Delta converters. It demands a very low processing load: a C language implementation is presented that resulted in a 110 clock cycles average execution on an 8-bit microcontroller.