IDEAUS - CENPAT   25626
INSTITUTO DE DIVERSIDAD Y EVOLUCION AUSTRAL
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
artículos
Título:
Scorched Mussels (Brachidontes spp., Bivalvia: Mytilidae) from the Tropical and Warm-temperate Southwestern Atlantic: the role of the Amazon River in their Speciation
Autor/es:
BERENICE TROVANT; ENRIQUE P. LESSA; JOSÉ (LOBO) M. ORENSANZ; DANIEL E. RUZZANTE; NÉSTOR G. BASSO; FERNANDO DINCAO
Revista:
Ecology and Evolution
Editorial:
Wiley Online Library
Referencias:
Año: 2016 vol. 6 p. 78 - 78
Resumen:
Antitropicality is a distribution pattern where closely related taxa are separated by an intertropical latitudinal gap. Two potential examples include: Brachidontes darwinianus (SE Brazil to Uruguay), considered by some authors as a synonym of B. exustus (Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean), and B. solisianus, distributed along the Brazilian coast with dubious records north of the intertropical zone. Using two nuclear (18S and 28S rDNA) and one mitochondrial gene (mtDNA COI), we aimed to elucidate the phylogeographic and phylogenetic relationships among the scorched mussels present in the warm temperate region of the South West Atlantic. We evaluated a divergence process mediated by the tropical zone over alternative phylogeographic hypotheses. Brachidontes solisianus was closely related to B. exustus I, a species with which it exhibits an antitropical distribution. Their divergence time was approximately 2.6 Ma, consistent with the intensification of Amazon river flow. Brachidontes darwinianus, an estuarine species is shown here not to be related to this B. exustus complex. We suspect ancestral forms may have dispersed from the Caribbean to the Atlantic coast via the Trans-Amazonian seaway (Miocene). The third species, B rodriguezii is presumed to have a long history in the region with related fossil forms going back to the Miocene. Although scorched mussels are very similar in appearance their evolutionary histories are very different, involving major historical contingencies as the formation of the Amazon River, the Panama Isthmus and the last marine transgression.
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