IBIOMAR - CENPAT   25620
INSTITUTO DE BIOLOGIA DE ORGANISMOS MARINOS
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
congresos y reuniones científicas
Título:
Post-mortem findings in southern right whales Eubalaena australis at Península Valdés, Argentina, 2003−2012
Autor/es:
VIRGINIA RAGO; SARAH H. OLSON; LUCIANA MUSMECI; JUAN EMILIO SALA; ANIA TOMASZEWICZ; LUIS E. SAMARTINO; DENISE MCALOOSE; ANDREA CHIRIFE; LUCIANA M. POZZI; NADIA MOHAMED; MATÍAS DI MARTINO; JULIAN ANDREJUK; LUCAS BELTRAMINO; MARIANO SIRONI; LUCIANO LA SALA; MARCELA M. UHART; LUCAS BANDIERI; TRACIE SEIMON; VICTORIA J. ROWNTREE
Lugar:
Shepherdstown (West Virginia)
Reunión:
Conferencia; National Marine Animal Health & Stranding Network Conference; 2016
Institución organizadora:
The NOAA Marine Mammal Health and Stranding Response Program
Resumen:
Between 2003 and 2012, 605 southern right whales (SRW; Eubalaena australis) were found dead along the shores of Península Valdés (PV), Argentina. These deaths included alarmingly high annual losses between 2007 and 2012, a peak number of deaths (116) in 2012, and a significant number of deaths across years in calves-of-the-year (544 of 605 [89.9%]; average = 60.4 yr−1). Post- mortem examination and pathogen testing were performed on 212 whales; 208 (98.1%) were calves- of-the-year and 48.0% of these were newborns or neonates. A known or probable cause of death was established in only a small number (6.6%) of cases. These included ship strike in a juvenile and blunt trauma or lacerations (n = 5), pneumonia (n = 4), myocarditis (n = 2), meningitis (n = 1), or myocarditis and meningitis (n = 1) in calves. Ante-mortem gull parasitism was the most common gross finding. It was associated with systemic disease in a single 1−2 mo old calf. Immunohistochemical labeling for ca- nine distemper virus, Toxoplasma gondii and Brucella spp., and PCR for cetacean morbillivirus (CeMV), influenza A, and apicomplexan protozoa were negative on formalin-fixed, paraffin- embedded lung and brain samples from a subset of whales; PCR for Brucella spp. was positive in a newborn/neonate with pneumonia. Skin samples from whales with gull parasitism were PCR negative for CeMV, poxvirus, and papillomavirus. This is the first long-term study to investigate and summarize notable post-mortem findings in the PV SRW population. Consistent, significant findings within or be- tween years to explain the majority of deaths and those in high-mortality years remain to be identified.
rds']