INSTITUTO DE TECNOLOGIA EN POLIMEROS Y NANOTECNOLOGIA
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Making Benzoxazines Greener: Design, Synthesis, and Polymerization of a Biobased Benzoxazine Fulfilling Two Principles of Green Chemistry
CARLOS R. ARZA; PABLO FROIMOWICZ; MARÍA LAURA SALUM; LU HAN; DANIELA IGUCHI; HATSUO ISHIDA
ACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering
American Chemical Society
Año: 2018 vol. 6 p. 13096 - 13106
Sesamol and furfurylamine are used to synthesize a novel benzoxazine monomer as part of the quest to develop greener benzoxazine monomers simultaneously fulfilling two Principles of Green Chemistry, the use of renewable feedstocks and safer solvents and auxiliaries. Respecting principle 5, the so-called preferred solvents (ethanol and ethyl acetate) are used in both the syntheses and purification processes. The chemical structure of the synthesized monomer is verified by proton and carbon nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H and 13C NMR), 2D 1H-13C heteronuclear single quantum correlation (HSQC) spectroscopy, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). The polymerization behavior of the monomer and the thermal stability of fully polymerized polybenzoxazine are studied by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). A thermally stable polymer has been obtained as shown by the 5% and 10% weight reduction temperature (Td5 and Td10) values of 374 and 419 °C, respectively, and a char yield of 64%, making this thermoset a promising candidate for fire-resistant applications.