INSTITUTO DE TECNOLOGIA EN POLIMEROS Y NANOTECNOLOGIA
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Synthesis and characterization of octenyl succinic anhydride modified starches for food applications. A review of recent literature.
M. L. FORESTI; L. ALTUNA; M.L. HERRERA
ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Lugar: Amsterdam; Año: 2018 vol. 80 p. 97 - 110
Starch is esterified with octenyl succinic anhydride (OSA) to yield a hydrocolloid with amphiphilicproperties, octenyl succinylated starch (OS-starch). OS-starch finds wide application in the food industrymainly as emulsifier, encapsulating agent and fat replacer. As a result of the new hydrophobic groupsintroduced and concomitant changes produced in the granules structure, OSA modified starches typicallyshow reduced gelatinization temperature and enthalpy, lower digestibility, higher swelling power, andincreased paste viscosity and paste clarity.Traditionally, OS-starches have been synthesized in aqueous slurry under mild alkaline conditions,resulting in reaction taking place mainly on the surface and amorphous regions of starch granules.However, in the last years, alternative methodologies and modifications to the conventional method (e.g.in situ mechanical and ultrasonic assistance, and hydrothermal, mechanical, enzymatic and chemicalpretreatments of starch) have received much attention; aiming to increase reaction efficiency, reducereaction time, attain a more even distribution of ester groups within the granules, and/or produce OSstarcheswith enhanced or specific properties.Considering the importance of octenyl succinylation methodology on the resulting OS-starch structure,functional properties, and uses derived from them, in the current review OS-starch production routes,products properties and main food applications described in the literature within the last five years havebeen summarized.