INSTITUTO DE TECNOLOGIA EN POLIMEROS Y NANOTECNOLOGIA
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Oxazine Ring-Related Vibrational Modes of Benzoxazine Monomers Using Fully Aromatically Substituted, Deuterated, 15N Isotope Exchanged, and Oxazine-Ring-Substituted Compounds and Theoretical Calculations
OHASHI, SEISHI; HEYL, TYLER R.; ISHIDA, HATSUO; HAN, LU; ARZA, CARLOS R.; GIL, PHWEY; LACKS, DANIEL J.; SEDWICK, VICTORIA M.; IGUCHI, DANIELA
JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY A
AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Año: 2017 vol. 121 p. 6269 - 6282
Polymerization of benzoxazine resins is indicated by the disappearance of a 960-900 cm-1 band in infrared spectroscopy (IR). Historically, this band was assigned to the C-H out-of-plane bending of the benzene to which the oxazine ring is attached. This study shows that this band is a mixture of the O-C2 stretching of the oxazine ring and the phenolic ring vibrational modes. Vibrational frequencies of 3-phenyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[e][1,3]oxazine (PH-a) and 3-(tert-butyl)-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[e][1,3]oxazine (PH-t) are compared with isotope-exchanged and all-substituted compounds. Deuterated benzoxazine monomers, 15N-isotope exchanged benzoxazine monomers, and all-substituted benzoxazine monomers without aromatic C-H groups are synthesized and studied meticulously. The various isotopic-exchanges involved deuteration around the benzene ring of phenol, selective deuteration of each CH2 in the O-CH2-N (2) and N-CH2-Ar (4) positions on the oxazine ring, or simultaneous deuteration of both positions. The chemical structures were confirmed by 1H nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H NMR). The IR and Raman spectra of each compound are compared. Further analysis of 15N isotope-exchanged PH-a indicates the influence of the nitrogen isotope on the band position, both experimentally and theoretically. This finding is important for polymerization studies of benzoxazines that utilize vibrational spectroscopy.