INSTITUTO DE TECNOLOGIA EN POLIMEROS Y NANOTECNOLOGIA
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Intrinsic Self-Initiating Thermal Ring-Opening Polymerization of 1,3-Benzoxazines Without the Influence of Impurities Using Very High Purity Crystals
LU HAN; MARÍA LAURA SALUM; KAN ZHANG; PABLO FROIMOWICZ; HATSUO ISHIDA
JOURNAL OF POLYMER SCIENCE PART A-POLYMER CHEMISTRY
JOHN WILEY & SONS INC
Lugar: New York; Año: 2017
A phenol/aniline type monofunctional benzoxazine monomer, PH-a, is synthesized and highly purified to study the intrinsic thermal ring-opening polymerization of benzoxazines without the influence of any impurity. The successful synthesis of the monomer and its corresponding chemical structure are confirmed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and 1H nuclear magnetic resonance (1H NMR) spectroscopy. Purity of the compound is evaluated through differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) as well as elemental analysis (EA). Moreover, the thermal behavior of benzoxazine monomer toward polymerization is also studied by DSC, indicating that the highly purified benzoxazine monomer actually polymerize upon heating. The results present evidence of an intrinsic tendency for 1,3-benzoxazines to undergo thermally induced ring-opening polymerization upon heating only without any impurity participating during the reaction. This reveals that polybenzoxazines can be obtained by both the traditional thermally accelerated (or activated) polymerization, where impurities or purposefully added initiators are involved in the reaction; or, by the classic thermal polymerization, where only heat is enough to initiate the reaction.