INSTITUTO DE TECNOLOGIA EN POLIMEROS Y NANOTECNOLOGIA
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Biodegradability and plasticizing effect of yerba mate extract on cassava starch edible films
CAROLINA MEDINA; CELINA BERNAL; SILVIA GOYANES; TOMY J. GUTIERREZ; LUCIA FAMÁ
ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Lugar: Amsterdam; Año: 2016 vol. 151 p. 150 - 159
Biodegradable and edible cassava starch-glycerol based films with different concentrations of yerba mate extract (0, 5 and 20 wt.%) were prepared by casting. The plasticizing effect of yerba mate extract when it was incorporated into the matrix as an antioxidant was investigated. Thermal degradation and biodegradability of the obtained biofilms were also studied. Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR/FTIR), X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD), water absorbance, stability in different solutions and biodegradability studies were performed. The clear correlation among the results obtained from the different analysis confirmed the plasticizing effect of yerba mate extract on the starch-glycerol matrix. Also, the extract led to a decrease in the degradation time of the films in soil ensuring their complete biodegradability before two weeks and to films stability in acidic and alkaline media. The plasticizing effect of yerba mate extract makes it an attractive additive for starch films which will be used as packaging or coating; and its contribution to an earlier biodegradability will contribute to waste reduction.