The adhesive glands during embryogenesis in some species of Phyllomedusinae (Amphibia: Anura: Hylidae)
VERA CANDIOTI, F.; TABOADA, C.; SALICA, M.J.; BALDO, D; FAIVOVICH, J.; BAETA, D.
JOURNAL OF HERPETOLOGY
SOC STUDY AMPHIBIANS REPTILES
Lugar: Salt Lake City; Año: 2017 vol. 51 p. 119 - 119
Among anuran embryonic structures, the adhesive (cement) glands appear posterolaterally to the stomodeum and produce amucous secretion that adheres embryos to surfaces in and out of the egg. In this paper, we study the ontogeny of the adhesive glands infive species of Phyllomedusa representing the two main clades recognized in the genus, plus embryos of Agalychnis aspera andPhasmahyla cochranae. Clutches were collected in the field, and embryos were periodically fixed to obtain complete developmental seriesand then studied with a stereomicroscope, scanning electron microscopy and routine histological techniques. Structural variationsinclude glands absent (in P. cochranae and Phyllomedusa boliviana), functional club-shaped glands (morphogenetic Type C inPhyllomedusa sauvagii, Phyllomedusa iheringii, and Phyllomedusa tetraploidea), and an unusual Type C-like pattern in Phyllomedusaazurea, characterized by large, oblong glands in a horseshoe-like disposition around the oral disc. This latter gland configuration issimilar to that of A. aspera. Interspecific variations also include the arrangement and regression pattern of the secretory region, which arein turn different from those of Type C glands in other clades. To interpret the origin and evolution of gland developmental patterns in thegroup, we still need information on gland occurrence and development in the basal genera of Phyllomedusinae (Phrynomedusa andCruziohyla) and in the basal taxa of the two major clades of Phyllomedusa.